- What is a sacrament?
A sacrament is a ceremony established by Christ, through which Christ and the benefits of the New Covenant are represented, sealed, and applied to believers by visible signs.
(1 Corinthians 11:23)
- What are the sacraments of the New Covenant?
The sacraments of the New Covenant are Baptism and the Lord’s Supper.
(Matthew 28:19, 1 Corinthians 11:20 1 Corinthians 11:26)
- What is Baptism?
Baptism is a sacrament by which we identify with and put on Christ; it signifies our union with Christ, our partaking of the New Covenant, and our commitment to follow the Lord Jesus.
(Romans 6:1-4, Galatians 3:27, Acts 19:1-5)
- How does Baptism signify our union with Christ, with the New Covenant and our commitment to Him?
In Baptism a person is immersed in water signifying that he has been buried with Christ and has died to sin, and then he comes up out of the water signifying that He has been risen with Christ to live a new and holy life for God.
- Who can partake of the sacrament of Baptism?
Baptism is not permitted to anyone until they repent of their sins and profess faith in the Lord Jesus, placing their trust in Christ alone for salvation.
(Acts 2:38, Acts 8:37)
- What is the Lord’s Supper?
The Lord’s Supper is the sign of the New Covenant by which the Lord’s sacrificial and atoning death for His Church is signified through the giving and receiving of bread and wine.
- How does the Lord’s Supper signify the sacrificial and atoning death of Christ?
In the Lord’s Supper the bread is broken signifying the body of Christ that was broken for our spiritual healing on the cross, and the wine signifies the blood of Christ that was shed for the forgiveness of our sins.
(1 Corinthians 11:23-25, 1 Peter 2:24-25)
- What does the eating of the bread and the drinking of the wine in the Lord’s Supper signify?
Through the eating of the bread and drinking of the wine in the Lord’s Supper Christians signify that they receive by faith the atoning work of Christ on their behalf, and they signify their commitment to take up their cross daily and follow Him.
(1 Corinthians 11:23-25)
- How should believers partake in the Lord’s Supper?
Believers should examine themselves to make sure they are taking the Lord’s Supper in a worthy manner; they must make sure they are not consciously living in habitual sin, and they must make sure they are eating and drinking in faith, trusting in the atoning sacrifice of Christ.
(1 Corinthians 11:28)
- Who can partake of the Lord’s Supper?
Only those who have repented of their sins, trusted in Christ, been baptized, and are in good standing with the Church can share in the Lord’s Supper.
- If the believer partakes of the Lord’s Supper in an unworthy manner what will be the result?
If the believer partakes of the Lord’s Supper in unbelief or while living in conscious habitual sin, they will eat and drink judgment to themselves.
(1 Corinthians 11:27-32)